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Deploy Nuxt on Amazon Web Services

Static Hosting on AWS with S3 Amplify and CloudFront

AWS stands for Amazon Web Services. S3 is their static storage which can be configured for Static Site Hosting. CloudFront is their CDN (content delivery network)

AWS w/ the Amplify Console

Hosting a static generated Nuxt app on AWS w/ the Amplify Console is powerful and cheap.

First, push your Nuxt app to the Git provider of your choice. Then, visit the Amplify Console . Click the GET STARTED button under the Deploy header if you haven't used Amplify Hosting before, otherwise click the Connect App button.

From your existing code

On the "From your existing code" page, select your Git provider and click Continue.

Add repository branch

On the "Add repository branch" page, select your repository and the branch you want to deploy. Then, click Next.

Configure build settings

On the "Configure build settings" page, click the Edit button under the "Build and test settings". Change the following:

  1. Set the build commands to npm run generate.
  2. Set the baseDirectory location to be dist.

The settings should look like this once you are done editing them:

version: 1
        - yarn install
        - npm run generate
    # IMPORTANT - Please verify your build output directory
    baseDirectory: dist
      - '**/*'
      - node_modules/**/*

Then, click Save and Next.


On the review page, click Save and deploy.

Then, your application will deploy. This may take a few minutes.

Once Provision, Build, Deploy, and Verify are green, click on the URL that the Amplify Console provides to view your site.

AWS w/ S3 + CloudFront

Hosting a static generated Nuxt app on AWS w/ S3 + CloudFront is powerful and cheap.

AWS is a death by 1000 paper cuts. If we missed a step, please submit a PR to update this document.


We'll host super cheap with some AWS services. Briefly:

  • S3
    • cloud data "bucket" for our website files
    • can be configured to host static websites
  • CloudFront
    • a CDN (content delivery network)
    • offers free HTTPS certs
    • Makes your site load faster

We'll push the site like this:

Nuxt Generate -> Local folder -> AWS S3 Bucket -> AWS CloudFront CDN -> Browser
  [      nuxt generate       ]    [         gulp deploy          ]
  [                                           ]

First, we'll generate the site with nuxt generate(<= v2.12). Then, we'll use Gulp to publish the files to a S3 bucket and invalidate a CloudFront CDN.

Our deploy script needs these environment variables set:


We'll have these files:       -  run `nuxt generate` and `gulp deploy`
gulpfile.js     -  `gulp deploy` code to push files to S3 and invalidate CloudFront

Setting it up

  1. Make a S3 bucket and configure it for static site hosting
  2. Create a CloudFront distribution
  3. Configure security access
  4. Setup build script in your project

AWS: Setup your S3 bucket and CloudFront Distribution

Please follow this tutorial to setup your S3 and CloudFront for step one and two.

You should now have this data:


AWS: Configure security access

For step 3, we need to create a user that can:

  • Update the bucket contents
  • Invalidate the CloudFront distribution (propagates changes to users faster)

Create a programmatic user with this policy :

NOTE: replace 2x with your S3 bucket name below. This policy allows pushing to the specified bucket, and invalidating any CloudFront distribution.

  "Version": "2012-10-17",
  "Statement": [
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": ["s3:ListBucket"],
      "Resource": [""]
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": [
      "Resource": ["*"]
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Action": [
      "Resource": "*"

Then get an access key and secret .

You should now have this data:


Laptop: Setup your project's build script

4.1) Create a script. See optional nvm (node version manager) .


export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID="key"
export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY="secret"

# Load nvm (node version manager), install node (version in .nvmrc), and npm install packages
[ -s "$HOME/.nvm/" ] && source "$HOME/.nvm/" && nvm use
# Npm install if not already.
[ ! -d "node_modules" ] && npm install

npm run generate
gulp deploy

4.2) Make runnable and DON'T CHECK INTO GIT ( has secrets in it)

chmod +x
echo "
# Don't commit build files
" >> .gitignore

4.3) Add Gulp to your project and to your command line

npm install --save-dev gulp gulp-awspublish gulp-cloudfront-invalidate-aws-publish concurrent-transform
npm install -g gulp

4.4) Create a gulpfile.js with the build script

const gulp = require('gulp')
const awspublish = require('gulp-awspublish')
const cloudfront = require('gulp-cloudfront-invalidate-aws-publish')
const parallelize = require('concurrent-transform')


const config = {
  // Required
  params: {
    Bucket: process.env.AWS_BUCKET_NAME
  credentials: {
    accessKeyId: process.env.AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID,
    secretAccessKey: process.env.AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY,
    signatureVersion: 'v3'

  // Optional
  deleteOldVersions: false, // NOT FOR PRODUCTION
  distribution: process.env.AWS_CLOUDFRONT, // CloudFront distribution ID
  region: process.env.AWS_DEFAULT_REGION,
  headers: {
    /* 'Cache-Control': 'max-age=315360000, no-transform, public', */

  // Sensible Defaults - gitignore these Files and Dirs
  distDir: 'dist',
  indexRootPath: true,
  cacheFileName: '.awspublish',
  concurrentUploads: 10,
  wait: true // wait for CloudFront invalidation to complete (about 30-60 seconds)

gulp.task('deploy', function () {
  // create a new publisher using S3 options
  const publisher = awspublish.create(config)

  let g = gulp.src('./' + config.distDir + '/**')
  // publisher will add Content-Length, Content-Type and headers specified above
  // If not specified it will set x-amz-acl to public-read by default
  g = g.pipe(
    parallelize(publisher.publish(config.headers), config.concurrentUploads)

  // Invalidate CDN
  if (config.distribution) {
    console.log('Configured with CloudFront distribution')
    g = g.pipe(cloudfront(config))
  } else {
      'No CloudFront distribution configured - skipping CDN invalidation'

  // Delete removed files
  if (config.deleteOldVersions) {
    g = g.pipe(publisher.sync())
  // create a cache file to speed up consecutive uploads
  g = g.pipe(publisher.cache())
  // print upload updates to console
  g = g.pipe(awspublish.reporter())
  return g

4.5) Deploy and debug

Run it:


You should get an output similar to this:

$ ./

Found '/home/michael/scm/' with version <8>
Now using node v8.11.2 (npm v5.6.0)

> [email protected] generate /home/michael/scm/
> nuxt generate

  nuxt:generate Generating... +0ms
  nuxt:build App root: /home/michael/scm/ +0ms
  nuxt:build Generating /home/michael/scm/ files... +0ms
  nuxt:build Generating files... +36ms
  nuxt:build Generating routes... +10ms
  nuxt:build Building files... +24ms
  ████████████████████ 100%

Build completed in 7.009s

 DONE  Compiled successfully in 7013ms                                                                                                                                     21:25:22

Hash: 421d017116d2d95dd1e3
Version: webpack 3.12.0
Time: 7013ms
                                   Asset     Size  Chunks             Chunk Names
     pages/index.ef923f795c1cecc9a444.js  10.6 kB       0  [emitted]  pages/index
 layouts/default.87a49937c330bdd31953.js  2.69 kB       1  [emitted]  layouts/default
pages/our-values.f60c731d5c3081769fd9.js  3.03 kB       2  [emitted]  pages/our-values
   pages/join-us.835077c4e6b55ed1bba4.js   1.3 kB       3  [emitted]  pages/join-us
       pages/how.75f8cb5bc24e38bca3b3.js  2.59 kB       4  [emitted]  pages/how
             app.6dbffe6ac4383bd30a92.js   202 kB       5  [emitted]  app
          vendor.134043c361c9ad199c6d.js  6.31 kB       6  [emitted]  vendor
        manifest.421d017116d2d95dd1e3.js  1.59 kB       7  [emitted]  manifest
 + 3 hidden assets
Hash: 9fd206f4b4e571e9571f
Version: webpack 3.12.0
Time: 2239ms
             Asset    Size  Chunks             Chunk Names
server-bundle.json  306 kB          [emitted]
  nuxt: Call generate:distRemoved hooks (1) +0ms
  nuxt:generate Destination folder cleaned +10s
  nuxt: Call generate:distCopied hooks (1) +8ms
  nuxt:generate Static & build files copied +7ms
  nuxt:render Rendering url /our-values +0ms
  nuxt:render Rendering url /how +67ms
  nuxt:render Rendering url /join-us +1ms
  nuxt:render Rendering url / +0ms
  nuxt: Call generate:page hooks (1) +913ms
  nuxt: Call generate:page hooks (1) +205ms
  nuxt: Call generate:page hooks (1) +329ms
  nuxt: Call generate:page hooks (1) +361ms
  nuxt:generate Generate file: /our-values/index.html +2s
  nuxt:generate Generate file: /how/index.html +0ms
  nuxt:generate Generate file: /join-us/index.html +0ms
  nuxt:generate Generate file: /index.html +0ms
  nuxt:render Rendering url / +2s
  nuxt: Call generate:done hooks (1) +4ms
  nuxt:generate HTML Files generated in 11.8s +5ms
  nuxt:generate Generate done +0ms
[21:25:27] Using gulpfile ~/scm/
[21:25:27] Starting 'deploy'...
Configured with CloudFront distribution
[21:25:27] [cache]
[21:25:27] [cache]  android-chrome-192x192.png
[21:25:27] [cache]  android-chrome-512x512.png
[21:25:27] [cache]  apple-touch-icon.png
[21:25:27] [cache]  browserconfig.xml
[21:25:27] [cache]  favicon-16x16.png
[21:25:27] [cache]  favicon-32x32.png
[21:25:27] [cache]  favicon.ico
[21:25:27] [cache]  favicon.svg
[21:25:27] [cache]  logo-branches.svg
[21:25:27] [cache]  logo-small.svg
[21:25:27] [cache]  logo.svg
[21:25:27] [cache]  mstile-150x150.png
[21:25:27] [cache]  og-image.jpg
[21:25:27] [cache]  safari-pinned-tab.svg
[21:25:27] [cache]  site.webmanifest
[21:25:28] [create] _nuxt/manifest.421d017116d2d95dd1e3.js
[21:25:29] [update] 200.html
[21:25:30] [create] videos/flag.jpg
[21:25:30] [create] _nuxt/vendor.134043c361c9ad199c6d.js
[21:25:34] [create] videos/flag.mp4
[21:25:34] [cache]  _nuxt/pages/how.75f8cb5bc24e38bca3b3.js
[21:25:34] [cache]  _nuxt/pages/join-us.835077c4e6b55ed1bba4.js
[21:25:34] [cache]  _nuxt/pages/our-values.f60c731d5c3081769fd9.js
[21:25:36] [update] our-values/index.html
[21:25:36] [create] _nuxt/layouts/default.87a49937c330bdd31953.js
[21:25:36] [create] _nuxt/app.6dbffe6ac4383bd30a92.js
[21:25:37] [create] _nuxt/pages/index.ef923f795c1cecc9a444.js
[21:25:38] [update] join-us/index.html
[21:25:38] [update] how/index.html
[21:25:43] [create] videos/flag.webm
[21:25:43] [update] index.html
[21:25:43] CloudFront invalidation created: I16NXXXXX4JDOA
[21:26:09] Finished 'deploy' after 42 s

Note that the CloudFront invalidation created: XXXX is the only output from the CloudFront invalidation npm package. If you don't see that, it's not working.